When the tusks of a young baby echo in the house, the whole house is filled with happiness. After birth, it may take some time to keep pace with this new world. Then the baby starts developing day by day. His hands and feet start moving fast. He responds with a wide variety of facial expressions looking at the mother and other members of the household. Everyone enjoys playing and talking with him during this time.
In this article of Homechildcare, we will talk about the 1-month-old baby development and activities after birth in India.
Development of 1-month-old baby.
There are many changes in the baby after it is born. While he does not even open his eyes for the first few days, later there is social development along with his brain and body. We are elaborating here about these three types of development:
1.Brain development of the 1-month-old baby
Understanding of hunger:
In the initial few days, the baby does not know much about hunger. When you give them milk, they drink it, but after one month, they start recognizing their hunger. Whenever they feel hungry, they start crying. If you note, then you will know that the baby also decides the time of drinking his milk and starts crying at that fixed time.
Such small baby drinks only mother’s milk. However, after one month, he becomes aware of taste. If the mother eats something that changes the taste of breast milk, then the baby comes to know. Even the smell of infant breast milk seems to be recognized.
Identification of face or object:
A month old baby’s brain becomes so developed that he starts to recognize certain faces and things. Especially, he definitely recognizes the mother. If you keep something in front of his eyes for a while, then he looks at it carefully and starts recognizing it.
Feeling of things and smell: Your baby can feel the difference between hard, soft, and rough things. He can also feel the difference between good and bad smells.
2.physical development of the 1-month-old baby
He can move his arm fast. This shows that his muscles are developing rapidly.
Movement in the limbs:
He is capable of moving and moving all the parts of his body properly.
After one month, he starts touching his face, mouth, eyes, and ears, etc. with his hands.
Back of the head:
Even after being so developed, the baby is not able to handle his head. If he is not supported with his lap, then his head goes backward with a jerk. You do not need to bother with it. This means that the baby is developing well.
Trying to lift the head:
If you lie on his stomach, he will try to lift the head upwards. He is able to do this due to the development of the neck muscles and the nervous system.
If you place something or your finger on his palm, he will try to hold it tightly. Not only this, but he will also try to hold things around him in his own fist.
Look at the object:
If you place something in front of his eyes, which attracts him, then wherever you rotate the object, he will see it continuously. Even he can see the object lying 8-12 inches away from him.
Usually, a baby can sleep for eight-nine hours a day and about eight hours at night. He does not sleep more than one or two hours at a time. Thus, it can be said that in the first month, the infant sleeps for 16 hours in 24 hours, but by the time of one month, this period reduces by about half an hour.
Every child performs a variety of activities right from birth, which increases with the passage of one month. Doctors take these activities seriously. If a deficiency is observed, it is a cause for concern.
Social and emotional development of the 1-month-old baby
Explain it by crying:
Everyone knows that a month old baby can only explain by crying. Then whether he has any problem or is hungry, he cries and draws the attention of others. Then when the mother feeds him with milk on his lap, he immediately becomes silent.
By this age, children begin to recognize the voices of members of the household, especially their mother. Not only that, from the side where the voice comes, they also rotate their necks.
Look at the eyes:
You may be surprised to know that children of this age can watch anything carefully. If you stand in front of him, he will first look at your face and then look into your eyes.
You put your baby hard or hold them softly, they can feel both these types of touch. Not only this, but we also respond by crying or smiling accordingly. If you touch them with delicateness and swing your hand or swing them in your lap, they will enjoy it.
What should be the weight and height of a 1-month-old baby?
For a few months after birth, the baby’s job is only to drink milk, sleep, cry, play, and dirty the nappy. During this time, the physical development of the baby continues at a normal pace. Its weight and height keep increasing from month to month. Here we are telling you how much is the weight and height of the baby in the first month.
In the first month, the normal weight of a baby girl is between 3.5 to 4.9 kg and height is 53.8 cm. it occurs. At the same time, the normal weight of a baby boy is between 3.7 to 5.3 kg and height is 54.8 cm. Can be. This is the standard set by the World Health Organization (WHO). Although the weight and height may be slightly more or less than this, it does not mean that the baby is not developing properly. Every baby has a different body, so its pace of development is also different.
Immunization of 1-month-old baby
Necessary vaccines are administered to every infant over a certain period of time. All these vaccines in India are administered under the National Immunization Program run by the Central Government. These vaccines are given free of cost in government hospitals, health centers, and Angbadi, while private hospitals have to pay some price for this. The following vaccines are given to a child from birth to six weeks.
- Hepatitis B1
- Dt w p 1
- Hib 1
- Rotavirus 1
How much milk is required for a 1-month-old baby?
In the beginning, the digestive system of the infant is weak and he drinks less milk at a time. Keep in mind that there is a difference between breast milk and formula milk. Here we will tell on the basis of how much breast milk or formula milk a month’s baby can drink in a day.
The stomach of a newborn baby is small, so for the next one week after birth, he drinks only 30-60ml. At the same time, by the time of one month, the size of his stomach starts increasing and the digestive system also works better than before. Now the baby can drink up to 90-120ml of milk at a time every two to four hours. In this way, he can drink up to 900ml of milk a day.
First of all, there is no better thing than a mother’s milk. However, in some circumstances, the infant has to give formula milk. In this case, try to give formula milk only when it is at least three weeks old. Also do not give more than about 110ml and keep an interval of four hours every time.
How much sleep is required for a 1-month-old baby?
There is no set time for the baby to sleep after it is born. He sleeps for about 16 hours out of 24 hours. He sleeps four or five times a day and the time period of sleeping can be one to two hours each time. Similarly, he sleeps for about eight hours at night too but keeps getting up in the middle, which causes you to sleep poorly. At the same time, after sleeping for a month, he sleeps for about half an hour. Gradually, his sleep routine also begins to form.
1-month-old baby’s games and activities
However, such a small baby cannot sit by itself and cannot walk on his knees. Therefore, he lies on his back and walks on his hands and feet and responds to various voices. At the same time, when you lie on his stomach, he tries to look around by lifting the neck and pushing himself forward with the feet. Lying on the abdomen is also necessary for the development of her muscles.
Parental health concerns regarding the 1-month-old baby.
While on the one hand, the baby develops at a fast pace, there may be some health-related problems as well. A month old baby cries out its problems. Parents can identify the problems faced by their baby as follows:
Constipation: When the baby takes 10-15 minutes to pass a bowel movement and his face turns red during this time, it should be understood that he has constipation. In such a situation, take him to the doctor immediately.
Diarrhea: If the baby’s stool is thin like water and the stool is persistent, then it can cause a loss of water in the baby. Therefore, the infant should be taken to the doctor immediately.
Vomiting: If the infant vomits in about two hours after eating anything, it can be a matter of concern. Also, if he has a fever and diarrhea, he should be taken to the doctor without delay.
Pimples: Small pimples may appear on the baby’s face in the first month. This may be due to an imbalance in hormones when the oil glands are activated in the placenta during pregnancy. In such a situation, if you take good care of your baby, then these pimples will disappear on their own in some time.
Gas: If the baby is crying excessively, he may have gas. At the same time, if the gas cries while discharging, it is a serious problem. Let him lie on your stomach, this can relieve him or contact a doctor.
Of course, this is your first experience of taking care of a small baby, but with the help of the tips mentioned here, you can do this work easily.
Diapers: You may periodically check your baby’s diaper. If the diaper is wet, replace it immediately. Clean the baby thoroughly when changing. For this, you can use special baby wipes or lotions. If your baby has got rashes due to diapers, you can use a good diaper rash cream by asking your doctor. Also, let your baby be without diapers at least once or twice a day, so that a natural moisturizer remains on his skin.
Bath: Bath your baby with lukewarm water. You can leave it for a day and take a bath. Wash your hands thoroughly after wearing it. Clean her eyes, ears, and nose while bathing.
Cleanliness: Whenever the child drinks milk, he will drink too many times and then remove it later. If your baby does this too, clean it immediately. Also, as soon as you feel that the nails of his feet and hands have grown, then cut it. One will not hurt himself and the other will not accumulate dirt in his nails.
How should parents keep an eye on the development of the baby?
Here we are giving some important tips, with the help of which parents can help in the better development of their baby:
- You should keep an eye on the changes happening in the baby’s body from time to time. If you feel anything strange, contact a doctor immediately.
Periodically get your doctor checked.
- Keep note of its weight and height.
- Don’t forget to get vaccinated at fixed time intervals. This is necessary for his better future.
- Make sure to lie on your baby for some time. Pediatricians also say that the infant should lie on its stomach five times daily and it should be allowed to remain like this for two to three minutes each time. As the baby grows, this time period should also be increased. This results in faster development of the infant. During this time, you put a toy in front of him, so that he will hit his hands and feet to catch it.
- Spend some time playing with him. This will keep him active and the other will feel emotionally connected with you.
- Do not keep him locked in the room at all times, take him for some time to roam the park, etc.
When should parents be concerned about the development of a 1-month-old baby?
Here we are giving some symptoms, by identifying which you can guess that the health of the baby is not good:
- If the infant is not drinking milk properly.
- If the things lying around or moving in front of it do not pay attention to it.
- Eyes do not blink the eyelids even when the light is on.
- Does not react to any type of voice.
- If your body and muscles are swollen and do not move their limbs.
- If your baby feels absolutely still, its jaw vibrates.
Checklist for the 1-month-old baby
- Take your baby to the doctor for a checkup at the appointed time.
- You can ask the doctor if you need to take vitamin-D supplements.
- Many vaccinations take place between the time of birth and six weeks of the baby. Make a list of them and which vaccine to be vaccinated, write their date so that your little one is not left vaccinated.
- You must get your checkup done after six weeks of delivery.
- After the completion of one month, take a picture of your baby.
Frequently Asked Questions
Is it ok to use the pacifier for a newborn or 1 month old?
How do I calm my crying baby?
Why do babies cry?
Can my child see?
A month old baby has developed so much that he can see things, people, and events around him. If a slight flash is blown on his eyes or a light suddenly flashes, he blinks his eyelids
Can my child hear?
Can my child recognize taste and smell?
Just as a plant needs better manure and water to make a tree, similarly your baby also needs special care. If your baby is also one month old, then the things given in this article may work for you. You can not only understand his mood but can also feel the changes in him well. Hopefully, the information given in this article will work for you. You can share your feedback with us in the comment box below.
1.Data Table of Infant Weight-for-age Charts By CDC
2. About Child & Teen BMI By CDC
3.Developmental Milestones for Children By MCCNEB
4.Developmental Milestones: 1 Month By Healthychildren
5.A Chart of Infant Behaviors By Brown