You have to play the role of a mother after 9 months of pregnancy. However, it is difficult for women who are newly born mothers to take care of the child. After entering this new life, your body undergoes significant changes. In this postpartum period, which begins immediately after delivery, your body tries to regenerate the decreased power during delivery and tries to get back into shape before pregnancy. so, today we will discuss 10 problems after delivery and their solutions in India.
The more you learn about these problems, the better you will be able to cope with the physical and emotional changes that come in women after conception.
10 Major problems after delivery – Postpartum problems
Women face many problems after delivery. Some of which are more serious. Some of these major problems are as follows:
- Stretch marks
- Piles and constipation
- Urinary or fecal incontinence
- hair fall
- Postpartum depression
- Pain or discomfort during sex
- Difficulty regaining pre-pregnancy body size.
- Postpartum infection, (uterine infection, urinary tract infection or kidney infection)
- Excessive bleeding after delivery
- Pain in the perineal region (part of the vagina and rectum)
- Vaginal discharge
10 problems after delivery and their solutions in India
Problems and treatment after childbirth are as follows:
Stretch marks appear on the breasts, thighs, hips, and abdomen of many women during pregnancy. These are due to red marks, hormonal changes, and skin strain that lasts after delivery. However, they never completely disappear. Over time they fade. While many women use special types of creams, lotions, and oils to remove them.
2. Piles and Constipation
Hemorrhoids and constipation are exacerbated by increased pressure in the enlarged uterus and lower veins of the womb, both of which are common in women after pregnancy and delivery. Fiber-rich foods and fluids, along with over-the-counter ointments and sprays, usually help relieve constipation and inflammation of piles.
A ventilated, donut-shaped pillow, found at any drugstore, helps with sitting. Do not use laxative, enemas (Enemas- applied to the patient to bring feces and urine) without asking a doctor. Especially if you have an episiotomy or have stitches in the perineal area.
3. Urinary and fecal incontinence
Some women also have urinary and fecal incontinence after childbirth.
Inadvertent exudation of urine, especially during laughing and coughing, is usually caused by the pulling of the bladder during pregnancy and childbirth. Usually, your muscles need time to tone and return to normal. You can do this process more quickly by doing kegel exercises.
In the meantime, use protective underpants or sanitary napkins. If the problem persists, talk to your doctor. She can prescribe medication to overcome the problem. If you experience pain or burning sensation, or very heavy urination, tell your doctor it may be a sign of a bladder infection.
4. Postpartum Hemorrhage
Slight bleeding immediately after delivery is normal, but excessive bleeding occurs in only 2% of deliveries. This condition often occurs after prolonged delivery, after the birth of multiple babies, or when the uterus becomes infected.
This is due to the inability of the uterus to contract properly after delivery, or if there is an injury to the uterus, cervix, or vagina.
If bleeding begins one or two weeks after delivery, it may be due to the placenta fragment remaining in the womb. This tissue is removed by surgery. After coming home, inform your doctor immediately if you have heavy bleeding.
However, you may have a lump that cannot be treated at home, so contact your doctor.
5. Uterine Infections
The placenta usually separates from the uterus during delivery and is removed from the vagina 20 minutes after giving birth. If pieces of the placenta remain in the uterus, it can cause infection.
Infection of the amniotic sac (amniotic sac – the sac that protects the fetus from outside) during delivery may be the cause of uterine infection after delivery.
High fever, high beats, abnormal white blood cell volume, swelling, and discomfort in the uterus, and odor discharges are usually signs of uterine infection when the flu occurs. Uterine infection is usually treated by a course of antibiotics.
6. Kidney Infections
Kidney infections occur when bacteria spread to the bladder, including frequent urination, high urination to urination, high fever, feeling generally sick, lower back or side pain, constipation, and urination. Symptoms of pain are felt while doing it.
To treat this, doctors ask for a course of antibiotics. Patients are asked to drink plenty of water and give a urine sample for the screening of any bacteria.
7. Perineal (space between vagina and anus) pain
Perineal pain is quite common in women who have a normal delivery. These tissues may be stretched or bruised during delivery, causing swelling, bruising, and pain. These discomforts may also be exacerbated by an episiotomy. An episiotomy sometimes involves making an incision in the perineum during delivery to keep the vagina fixed.
Over-the-counter pain relievers can help with this. When you feel this pain, do kegel exercises. They strengthen your vaginal muscles. If there is excessive or persistent pain in the vaginal area, then stop exercising and consult a doctor.
8. Vaginal discharge
For the first several weeks after delivery, it is normal to have blood and more discharge. This discharge contains residues of blood and placenta and is also called Lochia.
9. Breast swelling or excesses
Sometimes, the infant is not able to drink full milk from the mother’s breasts, in which case the milk does not dry but rather it becomes excessive, due to which many problems also occur.
When the milk enters your breasts (two to four days after delivery), your breasts become very large, hard, and sore. You can treat this by wearing a bra of the right fit and applying ice to your breasts.
In the event of mastitis or breast infection, the breasts usually experience discomfort and redness. A breast infection can also be caused by bacteria and when infected it causes stress, tiredness, or cracks in the nipples, which can result in fever, chills, fatigue, headaches, or problems like nausea and vomiting. If you feel any of these symptoms, go to the doctor. They will treat these conditions with antibiotics.