If your child sneezes more than other children or coughs more, or if he or she has skin hives, rashes, or scabies every few days. If the problem of pain, cramps, or nausea persists, your child may have an allergic problem. Although any child can be allergic to anything, it is especially seen in children whose family already has an allergy problem.so, here we are discussing Allergies in children: Symptoms | Causes | Treatment in India
What are Allergies in children?
An allergy is such an abnormal reaction of our immune system, to the things that are completely harmless to most people but not to your body. When a person becomes allergic towards a particular thing, then that person’s immune system mistakenly believes that that thing is harmful to the body. Food, dust, pollen, pet hair, certain medicines – these are some of the ingredients known as allergens.
In order to keep the body safe, the immune system produces antibodies called immunoglobulin E. These antibodies then cause certain cells to release chemically into the blood, including histamine, to fight against the foreign allergen or allergenic agent. Allergic reactions are seen due to the chemical release in the blood, which also has an effect on the eyes, nose, throat, skin, and digestive system. In the future, when coming in contact with the same allergen again, the same allergic reaction is seen.
Why there is more problem of allergy in infants and children?
According to the US Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 50 million people in the US have an allergy problem. This allergy problem is usually seen only in newborns or children. Sometimes the child’s sleep, sports, and daily school work are also affected due to the problem of allergies.
Allergy symptoms in children
- Skin rashes or hives (signs of atopic dermatitis or eczema)
- Shortness of breath (signs of asthma)
- Frequent sneezing
- Coughing up
- Runny nose
- Eye itching and watery
- Eyes turn red
- Stomach ache or stomach upset
Causes of allergy in children
Outside the home: If the child is playing outside, he may get allergic due to pollen, dust, soil, or any insect bite or sting.
Indoors: If there are pets inside the house, the child’s hair or fur may be allergic to those pets or there is a risk of allergy from dust or mites in the corners of the house.
Allergic stimulants: Cigarette smoke, perfume, or a very strong smell of Dio, or a car exhaust can also cause allergic reactions.
Food and drink: Many children are allergic to milk, milk products, peanuts, and eggs.
If you have any doubt that your child is allergic to something, then see him immediately to a doctor or allergy specialist. Write down the symptoms of your child and tell the doctor about the reasons why the symptoms occur.
Types of allergies in children
Allergic rhinitis (fever)
Allergic rhinitis is the most common childhood illness caused by an allergy. Talking about the symptoms of this disease, watery nose and itching in the nose, frequent sneezing, feeling of congestion in the nose, etc. If a child has this kind of allergy, his eyes may turn red, it may be itchy and watery or he may have ear problems for a long time. Allergic rhinitis is also called hay fever or hay fever but it does not cause fever.
Nasal congestion or congestion
If the nose of the child is closed for a long time, it is filled with mucus, congestion, then it can be the most common cause of allergy. Many times the nose of a child is so full that he cannot even breathe through his nose and he has to breathe through the mouth, especially while sleeping. If the problem of congestion and mouth breathing is not treated in a timely manner, it can also have an effect on the teeth and facial bones of the child. Therefore, allergic reactions that cause congestion in the nose should be treated quickly.
Baby ear infections
Due to allergies, many times the ears of children also have problems of inflammation, due to which the fluid starts accumulating in the ears. This causes ear infections and the child’s hearing ability also gets affected. If the child’s ability to hear will decrease while learning to speak, then obviously it will not be able to learn to speak either. If the child sees ear pain, itching, or swelling on a regular basis, contact the doctor immediately.
Many times, only children who drink breast milk also have food allergies. Many children are very sensitive and any food being eaten by their mother can cause an allergic reaction. In such a situation, if the things which cause allergy to the diet of the mother feeding the baby are removed, then the child can get relief.
Apart from this, most children are also allergic to milk, peanuts, poultry, fish, soy, nuts like cashew nuts or walnuts, and sometimes wheat. Especially the allergies from peanuts, nuts, and fish are so severe that they persist throughout life.
Allergies can also be caused by these things
Allergies to insects – Most children have redness, swelling, or itching in the bite area if an insect or moth bites or stings, but in children who have allergic problems, insect bites But many serious symptoms may appear.
Medication allergy – Antibiotics are the most common drug that can cause allergic reactions. Apart from this, children may also be allergic to some OTC medicines.
Allergic to Chemical – Many times you are also allergic to laundry detergent or cosmetics which causes skin rashes or hives. This means that the child is allergic to the chemical present in these things. Apart from this, allergic reactions can also be seen from cleaners and disinfectants used in cleaning the house.
Diagnose of children allergies?
If you suspect that your child may have an allergy problem, contact your child’s pediatrician immediately as they will be able to tell if an allergy or immunology specialist needs to be contacted.
There are 2 types of test to detect allergy:
The baby’s skin is pierced with a special device that looks like a toothpick and has a special kind of allergen drop. If there is urticaria in the child’s skin, it means that the child is allergic.
In the serum specific IgE antibody test, the blood of a child has seen whether it is sensitive to any particular allergen. If the amount of antibodies in the blood of the child is high then it means that he is allergic.
Allergy treatment in children
The treatment of allergies depends on how severe the allergy is.
If the child has a mild or moderate allergy that includes symptoms like skin rashes, hives, swelling, or shivering in the mouth, a tablet or syrup of antihistamines is given.
- If the child has allergic rhinitis, corticosteroid nasal spray can be given.
- The child has asthma, he may need an inhaler.
- If the child has eczema or any other skin problem, he may be given a skin ointment.
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