An emergency contraceptive (morning after pill) is a medication taken by women to avoid unwanted pregnancies right after unprotected sex. Some popular emergency contraceptives are I pill and unwanted-72. It is important to note the word “emergency”. If you are sexually active or planning to be, then only emergency contraception should be used to avoid pregnancy.
Emergency contraception gives women one last chance to stop pregnancy after unprotected intercourse, especially when you have intercourse without the use of any other contraceptive method, or if your condom breaks or you have your regular contraceptive pills (Regular birth control pills) is missed at least 2 or 3 times or you are forced to have sex.
Use and benefits of emergency contraceptive pills
An emergency contraceptive pill includes Progestin Levonorgestrel, which is synthetic hormones. This can either prevent or delay the release of eggs from the ovary or prevent fertilization process (fertilization of eggs from the woman’s ovaries with men’s sperm) or by changing the structure of the uterus to prevent the fertilized egg from being placed in the woman’s uterus Work through
Doctors say that this pill should be taken within 72 hours of unprotected sex.
- These pills are usually taken orally with water and are often taken after meals to avoid vomiting. If vomiting occurs within 2-3 hours of taking this pill, it is advisable to take another pill.
- This pill does not cause miscarriage, so taking it after getting pregnant does not affect pregnancy.
- These pills can also be taken by breastfeeding mothers. These pills do not affect the quality or quantity of breast milk and have no adverse effect on the development of the baby.
Risks and Side Effects of Emergency Contraceptive Pills
The emergency contraceptive pill is not an alternative to traditional birth control pills. The reason for this is that the emergency contraceptive pill contains a very high amount of synthetic hormones, which can cause many complications if they are used continuously. Conversely, regular birth control pills have lower hormone doses that help prevent conception and alter the ovulation cycle.
According to the gynecologist, when it comes to contraception, you should take this pill only if you have no other way because the regular intake of these pills causes hormonal imbalance. These are best suited for women aged 25-45. They are not suitable for teenagers because they can inhibit the development of the reproductive system.
Young girls, whose hormone levels have not yet stabilized, are at greater risk of developing conditions such as polycystic ovary disease, endometriosis, and ectopic pregnancy. These pills can lead to problems such as hormonal imbalance, infertility due to irregular menstruation, unbalanced weight gain, loss of libido, skin allergies.
After taking the pill, a person may experience some common side effects such as
- abdominal pain
- changes in the menstrual cycle
- and dizziness
. These symptoms usually do not last for more than a few days after treatment and usually resolve within 24 hours.
These pills do not protect a woman from sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV / AIDS, gonorrhea, herpes, etc.
If your body mass index (BMI) is more than 25, then these pills are less effective. If your body mass index (BMI) is more than 30, it will not work. Emergency contraceptives contain levonorgestrel which can cause a woman to be allergic, so this pill should not be taken without consulting a doctor. Also, if someone is suffering from some disease and is taking some medicine for it, consult a doctor before taking this pill.
When to see a doctor after taking emergency contraceptive pills
If you take a morning-after pill, it is important for you to have regular checkups with Gynecologist so that you can eliminate the possibility of further complications, especially if you are suffering from high blood pressure, diabetes, tubal pregnancy, or if you After eating it, these symptoms start to be felt – stomach ache, dizziness, headache, pain in the breasts, excessive pain in the legs and hands, etc.
Also keep in mind that this can cause your periods to start either very early or late, although most women begin periods within 7 days of their regular date. But if you do not have menstruation within 21 days or you feel that you may be pregnant, get a pregnancy test.
Finally, the pill is effective only if taken after unprotected sex. It will not work if you have sex after taking the pill. For this, you will need to take birth control pills. Also, you can buy an emergency contraceptive drug as I pill from a local chemist’s shop without the need of a prescription. So be sure to use them only in case of emergency situations and not as a regular contraceptive.