Adoption of the child has been going on for years but when we adopt a stranger child we should consider it well and wholeheartedly that, he will be loved like his own child. You will give him a good upbringing, a good education, and you will take all his responsibility happily. But nowadays, due to its increasing cases, many kinds of frauds are coming up, so there are many childless couples in the country who want to adopt a child but they either fail or get caught in the chaos of all the legal entities involved in the role of middlemen. Today we will discuss the procedure for adoption of children within a family in India
They become or avoid getting caught in the affair and they take out their entire life only without childlessness. Keeping all these things in mind, the central government has made it easy by altering the rules of child adoption and these rules have come into force across the country from August 1, 2015, but even today many people Very difficult to understand.
The question arises whether the money is transacted at the time of adoption of the child, or whether the child is negotiated by following the rules, or the parents have to go through various procedures to adopt the child from any institution.
Procedure for Adoption of Children in India (Indian Adoption Law)
According to the Indian Adoption Law, parents are required to fulfill these qualifications in order to adopt a child:
- 1. Potential parents should be physically, mentally, emotionally, and financially competent. It should be proved that potential parents do not have any fatal illness.
- 2. Any prospective parents who have or do not have biological children of their own can adopt a child
- 3. If the prospective parent is married, then both of them must have mutual consent.
- 4. A single woman can adopt a child of any gender.
- 5.While a single man can only adopt a boy.
- 6. If the prospective parents have been married for more than 2 years, then they can adopt the child.
- 7. Parental age is a very good aspect of adopting a child. Under this, the average age of parents should be reduced to adopt a young child. For this, the distance between the prospective parents and the adopted child should be at least 25 years. But this rule does not apply when the adoptive prospective parents are relatives or stepchildren.
- 8. People who already have 3 or more children, they also cannot adopt a child, but the child can be adopted under any special circumstances.
Central Adoption Resources Authority
The Central Government has constituted the Central Adoption Resources Authority for this and this institution works under the Ministry of Women and Child Development. The Central Adoption Resource Authority is known as CARA. This institution acts as a nodal body. CARA works primarily to address abandoned orphaned and surrender children. In the year 2015, the rules for the adoption process of the child were amended. Adoption of children is a long legal process, but there is no mention of money transactions anywhere. Even the adoptive parents cannot be asked to make an investment by taking a bond in the name of the child, as per rules.
Important Documents for Child Adoption in India
According to the Central Adoption Resource Authority, for the adoption of a child, these 10 papers are the first to be required. Without these, the process cannot even begin.
- 1. It is important to have the current picture of the family wanting to adopt the child or the existing picture of that couple.
- 2. PAN card of the adopted person.
- 3. Birth certificate or any proof from which the date of birth of that person is certified.
- 4. Residence certificate such as Aadhar card, Voter ID card, passport, latest electricity bill, or telephone bill.
- 5. Certified copy of the income tax of that year.
- 6. A handheld certificate of a government medical officer confirming that the person who is going to adopt the child does not have any serious illness of any kind. Couples wishing to adopt are required to submit their medical certificates.
- 7. If the person is married, his marriage certificate and his divorce certificate if he is divorced.
- 8. It is necessary to have the statements of two people associated with the interested person in favor of adoption.
- 9. The person wishing to adopt the child is also asked for a statement of his movable immovable property whether you have to give a certificate of whether the child is eligible to take responsibility.
- 10. If the adopt already has a child and is more than 5 years old, then his / her consent is also required. Only after completion of all these documents does the process proceed. Nowadays online application for child adoption can also be done. In August 2015, some amendments have been made to the child adoption process and rules and efforts have been made to make the adoption process easier.
All these qualifications are for a common Indian citizen but the adoption process is divided into several categories such as N. There are different rules for adoption by I.I., Inter-State, step-parents, or relatives.
Age Criteria for Adoption of children in India
Child’s age Total age of the couple (maximum) Maximum age of a single parent
Attention before adopting a child
Often, many people give up children stolen or kidnapped by creating a fake company. In this case, you may have to lose the child along with the loss later. Therefore, before adopting the child, check that the company from which you are adopting is a license holder and after taking the child, also take care of taking the original certificate of the child that the former parents This child adopts after finishing the parental right. To get more information, do not forget to take help from knowledgeable law.
After all these procedures, the interested person or couple has to file an application in the court to adopt the child. Under the Hindu Adoption and Methanance Act 1956 of Indian law, only a Hindu could adopt a child, but now people of other religions can also adopt a child. After all this, in the end, your family gets a new member but the agency’s responsibilities do not end here. When the child reaches his home, the people of the agency keep visiting him constantly. This makes the agency fully aware of the child and the other child also feels a little comfortable.
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